Mumuye statues depict incarnates of protective spirits. Reinforcing status and prestige, owners of these figures would have dialogue with them to ensure their own personal protection. The sculptures also held various functions from supporting diviners who would predict misfortunes, to aiding healers in diagnosing and
curing illness. It is said the Mumuye statues were used to greet the clients of a medicine man, act as guards in their homes, and in a tribunal, men would swear on the statues, of which they must kiss.
Yoruba Mumuye Pair